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All India Coordinated Cotton Improvement Project, Pune Centre
Cotton, the “white gold”, is an enormously important commodity throughout the world. It is extensively used natural fiber which plays dominant role in agrarian and industrial economy. All the four cultivable species of cotton viz. Gossipium arboreum, G. herbaceum, G. hirsutum and G. barbadense are grown all over India under diverse agro climatic and farming conditions.
Among the various constraints, occurrence of various diseases on cotton crop affects the crop quantitatively and also qualitatively. The Fusarium wilt on diploid cotton caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum is one of the serious disease all over the country. In the early days, cotton wilt was a limiting factor in the successful cultivation of cotton.
In view of the severity of wilt disease, work on cotton breeding for wilt resistance was started at this College in 1936. Then, scheme was strengthened and converted into National Centre by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi in the year 1966 to combat the wilt malady. This centre was, therefore, entrusted with the mandatory work of screening the diploid cotton genotypes against Fusarium wilt